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2019 DeepISP: Towards Learning an End-to-End Image Processing Pipeline   Eli Schwartz, Raja Giryes, Alex M. Bronstein TIP

We present DeepISP, a full end-to-end deep neural model of the camera image signal processing (ISP) pipeline. Our model learns a mapping from the raw low-light mosaiced image to the final visually compelling image and encompasses low-level tasks such as demosaicing and denoising as well as higher-level tasks such as color correction and image adjustment. The training and evaluation of the pipeline were performed on a dedicated dataset containing pairs of low-light and well-lit images captured by a Samsung S7 smartphone camera in both raw and processed JPEG formats. The proposed solution achieves state-of-the-art performance in objective evaluation of PSNR on the subtask of joint denoising and demosaicing. For the full end-to-end pipeline, it achieves better visual quality compared to the manufacturer ISP, in both a subjective human assessment and when rated by a deep model trained for assessing image quality.

2019 Basis Prediction Networks for Effective Burst Denoising with Large Kernels   Zhihao Xia, Federico Perazzi, Michaël Gharbi, Kalyan Sunkavalli, Ayan Chakrabarti Arxiv

Bursts of images exhibit significant self-similarity across both time and space. This motivates a representation of the kernels as linear combinations of a small set of basis elements. To this end, we introduce a novel basis prediction network that, given an input burst, predicts a set of global basis kernels — shared within the image — and the corresponding mixing coefficients — which are specific to individual pixels. Compared to other state-of-the-art deep learning techniques that output a large tensor of per-pixel spatiotemporal kernels, our formulation substantially reduces the dimensionality of the network output. This allows us to effectively exploit larger denoising kernels and achieve significant quality improvements (over 1dB PSNR) at reduced run-times compared to state-of-the-art methods.